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Bookkeeping vs Accounting: What does your Business need?

As a business owner or entrepreneur, understanding the difference between bookkeeping and accounting is crucial for the success of your business. These terms are often used interchangeably but refer to distinct functions that are critical to the financial operations of any business.


This article will explore the differences between bookkeeping and accounting, their roles in a business, and which one may be better suited for your specific business needs.


bookkeeping vs accounting

What is Bookkeeping?


Bookkeeping is the process of recording financial transactions, including purchases, sales, receipts, and payments. It involves keeping accurate and up-to-date records of all economic activities, such as bank statements, invoices, and tickets. Bookkeepers use accounting software to input and organize financial data and reconcile accounts, ensuring the company's financial records are accurate and complete.


Here are some everyday bookkeeping tasks to have in mind:

  • Recording daily transactions such as sales and purchases

  • Managing accounts payable and accounts receivable

  • Reconciling bank statements

  • Recording payroll transactions

  • Maintaining a general ledger

  • Generating financial statements such as balance sheets

  • Managing sales tax and other tax obligations

  • Tracking inventory and asset transactions

  • Recording depreciation and amortization expenses

  • Managing petty cash transactions.


What is Accounting?


Accounting, on the other hand, involves the analysis, interpretation, and reporting of financial data. It is a broader function that goes beyond bookkeeping to provide insights into a company's financial performance and health. Accountants use financial data to prepare financial statements, such as balance sheets, income statements, and cash flow statements. They also provide financial advice to company management and help plan and budget for the future.


Most accountants will perform the regular tasks of a bookkeeper, but with added benefits, as their expertise and knowledge go beyond those of bookkeeping. Here are some typical tasks:

  • Creating invoices and processing payments

  • Reviewing and recording expenses

  • Generating balance sheets and income statements

  • Preparing and filing tax returns

  • Analyzing financial data and providing reports to management

  • Conducting audits of financial records

  • Managing cash flow and forecasting future financial needs

  • Performing cost accounting and variance analysis

  • Maintaining compliance with financial regulations and standards

  • Providing financial advice and guidance to clients or stakeholders


Bookkeeping vs Accounting: Which to choose?


While both bookkeeping and accounting are essential for businesses of all sizes, their roles differ significantly. Bookkeeping is more focused on the day-to-day financial operations of a business, while accounting is more strategic and long-term. Bookkeeping ensures that a company's financial records are accurate and up-to-date, while accounting helps interpret and analyze that data to make informed business decisions.


So which one is better for different types of businesses? Let's take a closer look.


For small businesses or startups with limited resources, bookkeeping is typically sufficient. These businesses often have straightforward financial operations, such as a few bank accounts and a small number of monthly transactions. A bookkeeper can handle these tasks efficiently and accurately, freeing the business owner to focus on other aspects of the company.


For larger or more complex businesses, accounting is essential. These businesses have more significant financial operations, such as multiple bank accounts, credit cards, and invoices. Having an accountant who can provide strategic financial advice and help plan for the future is crucial. Additionally, accountants can help identify areas where the business can cut costs, increase revenue, or improve cash flow.


In some cases, businesses may need both bookkeeping and accounting services. For example, a small business may require bookkeeping services to manage day-to-day financial operations but also need an accountant to provide financial analysis and advice. In this case, the bookkeeper and accountant can work together to ensure that the business's financial operations are accurate, complete, and strategic.


It's also important to note that bookkeeping and accounting services can be outsourced. Many businesses choose to outsource these functions to a third-party provider, such as a bookkeeping or accounting firm. This can be a cost-effective solution for companies that need more resources or expertise to manage their financial operations in-house.


Bookkeeping and Accounting for small and large Businesses


In conclusion, while bookkeeping and accounting are often used interchangeably, they are distinct functions that play a critical role in the financial operations of any business. Bookkeeping involves the recording and organizing financial transactions, while accounting consists in analyzing, interpreting, and communicating financial information to help businesses make informed decisions.


Depending on the size and complexity of your business, you may need to prioritize one over the other or invest in both. By understanding the differences between bookkeeping and accounting, you can make informed decisions to help your business thrive.


Now that you read the article, you might have made a decision about which service to choose. If you would like to go with an accountant, we suggest you analyze prospects and choose the candidate with the most analytic skills. And, if you decide to hire a bookkeeper, we recommend hiring a virtual assistant. Not only can a VA take any bookkeeping tasks head-on, but they can also help your company grow for only a fraction of the cost of hiring a regular employee.


Try a virtual assistant today!

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